Chemistry is the science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions. It is a physical science for studies of various atoms, molecules, crystals and other aggregates of matter whether in isolation or combination, which incorporates the concepts of energy and entropy in relation to the spontaneity of chemical processes. Modern chemistry evolved out of alchemy following the chemical revolution (1773).
Disciplines within chemistry are traditionally grouped by the type of matter being studied or the kind of study. These include inorganic chemistry, the study of inorganic matter; organic chemistry, the study of organic matter; biochemistry, the study of substances found in biological organisms; physical chemistry, the energy related studies of chemical systems at macro, molecular and submolecular scales; analytical chemistry, the analysis of material samples to gain an understanding of their chemical composition and structure. Many more specialized disciplines have emerged in recent years, e.g. neurochemistry the chemical study of the nervous system (see subdisciplines).
About the department:
Established in 2004, the department is recognized for its scholarly achievements and commitment to excellence in teaching, research, and service to the community. The Department of Chemistry at Al-Hussein Bin Talal University provides an outstanding environment for studies in Chemistry, is among the most research active departments in Jordan. The Faculty members are renowned nationally for their excellence in teaching and research.
The research interests of the Faculty encompass not only the traditional areas of analytical, inorganic, organic and physical chemistry but also cover many interdisciplinary areas including bioanalytical, bioorganic and medicinal chemistry, organometallic chemistry, chemical physics, nanotechnology, and theoretical and computational chemistry. Faculty members of the department are involved in academic and industrial collaborations at the national level, with colleagues from foreign countries, including Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The research programs of the department are broadly funded. The instrumentation facilities and research support infrastructure in the Department of Chemistry are outstanding and equipped with state-of-the-art instrumentation. Outstanding facilities in other departments on campus are available to chemistry department researchers. The department holds monthly seminars in the various areas of chemistry to expand the collaborations with nationally and internationally renowned institutes and universities.
An Industrial Internship Program is in place for students in Honors providing 12 or 16 months of work experience in industrial or government laboratories. The degree provide excellent training for entry to related graduate programs and for work as professional chemists. Each year, 2,000 undergraduate students take courses offered by the Department. Undergraduate students have ample opportunities to engage in cutting edge research.